The relative age effect is a phenomenon in which young born close to a critical age cut-off period may have an advantage in both athletic and academic endeavours. Individuals born at the beginning of the calendar year (e.g. in January) are in fact older than those born at the end of the calendar year (e.g. December). An earlier birth is typically associated with increased physical capacities. Relatively older young athletes are outperformer younger athletes in many key performance measures and they more likely to persevere in sport.
- Boccia G, Rainoldi A, Brustio P.R, Relative age effect in males, but not females, undergraduate students of sport science, Sport Sci Health 2017 doi:10.1007/s11332-017-0364-7
- Brustio PR, Lupo C, Ungureanu AN, Frati R, Rainoldi A, Boccia G. The relative age effect is larger in Italian soccer top-level youth categories and smaller in Serie A. PLoS One, 2018, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196253 – Q2 2.76
- Lupo C, Boccia G, Ungureanu AN, Frati R, Marocco R and Brustio PR. The Beginning of Senior Career in Team Sport Is Affected by Relative Age Effect. Front. Psychol. 2019 10:1465. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01465 – Q2 2.12
- Brustio PR, Kearney PE, Lupo C, Ungureanu AN, Mulasso A, Rainoldi A and Boccia G, Relative Age Influences Performance of World-Class Track and Field Athletes Even in the Adulthood. Front. Psychol. 2019 10:1395. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01395 – Q2 2.12
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