Integrated approach (i.e., models involving several factors) promoting high quality sport performance analysis on individuals or teams.

Only with the consideration of several performance indicators, it will possible to be aware about findings (and practical applications) related to players’ performance.

  • Strength area (force plate)
    • countermovement jump (CMJ) test
    • plyometric push up jump (PPU) test
  • HR response area (HR monitor device)
    • time at >90%HRmax (as maximal intensity indicator)
    • ITL according HR-based methods (Edwards, 1993; Bannister, 1991)
  • Time-motion areas (GPS)
    • total distance (as volume indicator)
    • time spent at >20W (as high running speed indicator; high intensity indicator)
  • Notational-video-analysis area
    • occurrence of specific game events (tackles in rugby, assists in basketball, or jumps in volleyball, etc.)
    • work-to-rest ratio (as density indicator)
  • Psychometric area
    • well-being score (McLean et al., 2010; subscales on: fatigue, sleep quality, general muscle soreness, stress levels, mood)
    • rating of perceived effort (RPE) by means of the CR-10 scale (Foster et al., 1995) (ITL by means of session-RPE method).
  • Lupo, C., Ungureanu, A. N., Boccia, G., Licciadi, A., Rainoldi, A., & Brustio, P. R. (2021). Internal-Training-Load Monitoring, Notational and Time-Motion Analyses, Psychometric Status, and Neuromuscular Responses in Elite Rugby Union. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance1(aop), 1-8.
  • Brustio, P. R., Boccia, G., Ungureanu, A. N., & Lupo, C. (2020). Training sessions with tackles impair upper-limb neuromuscular function in elite rugby union. Biology of Sport, 37(4), 415.
  • Ungureanu, A. N., Brustio, P. R., & Lupo, C. (2020). Technical and tactical effectiveness is related to time-motion performance in elite rugby. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 61(2):167-74
  • Ungureanu, A. N., Brustio, P. R., Boccia, G., Rainoldi, A., & Lupo, C. (2020). Effects of pre-session well-being perception on internal training load in female volleyball players.
  • Lupo C., Ungureanu A.N., Frati R., Panichi M., Grillo S., Brustio P.R. (in press). Session-RPE method is a more valid tool to monitor internal training load with players’ than coaches’ RPE scores in elite youth female basketball. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. ISSN: 1555-0265.


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